The abundance of wind, strings and percussion instruments speaks of the cultural wealth of the ancient Russians. Absorbing the sounds of nature, people created simple rattles and whistles from scrap materials. Every child in Russia had the skills of making and playing simple musical instruments. It has been an integral part of folk culture and everyday life since the time of Ancient Rus. Many of them are used to this day unchanged – others were improved and formed the basis of folk orchestras.
The balalaika has become a symbol of Russian culture. It is a three-stringed, triangular-shaped plucked instrument. The first mentions of the instrument date back to the 17th century. but the instrument received mass distribution only after a hundred years. The classical balalaika originated from the East Slavic domra with two strings and a rounded soundboard.
- Brand New Classic Original Russian Balalaika 3 Strings Prima! High Quality! Natural Wood! Sunburn!
- This is a musical instrument for orchestra, ensemble and solo players. It is also a good musical instrument for beginners. This balalaika is absolutely new. It was made in Ukraine. The instrument is made of of maple and white wood. Body canted with valuable species of timber. Pegs mechanics belongs to an open type.
- Characteristics: Strings: 3 Frets: 24 Neck: maple Fretboard: beech Top: laminated carpathian spruce or nutwood Back & sides: hard plastic Length is 68 cm or 26.8 inches, width is 43 cm or 16.93 inches Approximatle weight is 1400 grammes Audio range 1 ¾ from note mi (E) of the first octave to the note C sharp of the third octave 1st string is tuned in unison with tuning fork a1, 2nd and 3d string are pressed on the fifth stop – in unison with the 1st open string
The status of a folk instrument was given to her for a reason. The root of the word balalaika is the same as in the words balakat or balabolit, which mean meaningless, unobtrusive conversation. So the instrument most often acted as accompaniments for the leisure of Russian peasants.
Another stringed folk plucked instrument, but much older than the balalaika. The first historical evidence of the use of gusli dates back to the 5th century. The ancestor of the instrument is not precisely determined, but according to the most common hypothesis, they descended from the ancient Greek cithara. There were several types of gusli with a resonator of various shapes and the number of strings from 5 to 30.
Gusli of all types (wing-shaped, helmet-shaped, lyre-shaped) were used to accompany the voice of the soloist, and the musicians were called guslars.
- 【What You Get】The package includes the new style lyre, a tuning wrench and user manual.
- 【Quality Strings】This harp uses 19 short steel strings, the shorter the string, the higher the pitch, the sound of this harp is clear and beautiful and can fill the whole room.
- 【Mahogany Harp】The body of this harp is made of high-quality mahogany material, which has strong corrosion resistance and long storage time.
- 【Fine Workmanship】The edges of the harp body are rounded, so it won’t hurt your hands, the processed pattern and dark green make the style of this piano elegant and delicate.
- 【Guarantee】If you are not satisfied with our harp received, you can apply for unconditional return and refund within 180 days. In terms of any problem of this product, you can send emails as soon.
A small mouthpiece wind instrument with a bell at the end of the barrel and six playing holes (also the name of a group of wind instruments). The traditional horn was carved from juniper, birch or maple. The ensemble and dance variety of the instrument evolved from the signal horns of shepherds and warriors, which accompanied both leisure and work.
The first information about horns, recorded on paper, dates back to the 17th century, but in fact they began to be used much earlier. Since the 18th century, mentions of carob ensembles appear.
The traditional Slavic plucked string instrument is the progenitor of the balalaika. Fundamental differences from the first from the last are in the configuration of the deck (oval and triangular, respectively). It became widespread in the 16th century, presumably evolving from Mongolian two-stringed plucked instruments.
There are three- and four-string versions of the instrument. Domra was considered an instrument of traveling buffoons (domra player – gamblers).
- Strings: Alto (3 strings), tuning(1) D, A, E – scale Length: 490mm
- Made in Europe, Portuguese family business since 1976
The bayan is a Russian folk musical instrument with Bavarian roots. The harmonica served as a constructive basis for it. The first instrument was created by the master Mirwald in 1891, and already in the next accordion appeared in Russia. However, the name of the instrument was first mentioned in 1903 (before that it was called the chromatic accordion).
This is a solo concert or ensemble instrument. However, he often accompanies folk leisure at public festivities or family celebrations.
The hand accordion came into Russian musical culture with the invasion of the Mongol-Tatars. Its progenitor was the Chinese instrument Shen. The Chinese progenitor has come a long way from Asia to Russia and Europe, but the harmonica received massive popular love after the 1830s, after the opening of the first production. But even with the production supplied, most of the tools were made by folk craftsmen, which contributed to a wide constructive variety.
- Color: Mexican Flag (Green, White, Red)
- Key combinations:G/C/F
- 31 Treble Keys
- 12 Bass/Chord Buttons
- Padded Straps Included
It is almost impossible to establish the time and place of the appearance of the tambourine as a musical instrument – it was used in various rituals of many peoples. Ritual tambourines most often represent a leather membrane on a round wooden frame – a shell. Bells or round metal plates were often hung on the sides of Russian musical tambourines.
In Russia, any percussion musical instrument was called a tambourine. The military and ritual tambourine stands out clearly. They served as the basis for musical tambourines, used during performances of buffoons and other entertainment events.
The percussion instrument with the self-explanatory name of firewood “grew” from an ordinary bundle of firewood. In principle, it is similar to a xylophone. The sound is extracted with a special mallet from wooden plates. At the bottom of each plate, a depression is selected, the depth of which determines the pitch of the sound. After setting, the plates are varnished and assembled into a bundle. Dried birch, spruce and maple are used to make firewood. Maple wood is considered the most euphonic.
A small ceramic wind instrument – a whistle – was often supplied with decorative elements. Whistles in the form of birds with decorative paintings were especially popular. Preferred creatures and ornaments often indicate the region where the instrument was made.
Whistles emit high trills. Water is poured into some types of whistles and then trills are obtained with overflows. Whistles were created as children’s toys.
A row of wooden plates fastened with a cord, this is the Slavic ratchet. Shaking with such a bundle creates harsh popping sounds. The ratchets are made of durable wood – oak, for example. To increase the volume, spacers about five millimeters thick are inserted between the plates. The tool was used at fairs and folk festivals to draw attention to a particular performance.
Another symbol of Russian culture is wooden spoons. It is the only percussion instrument you can eat. The ancient Russians used spoons as much for making rhythmic sounds as for eating. Spoons made of different types of wood with a characteristic pattern are used in sets of two to five. The most common variant is with three – two are clamped in the left hand of the spoon, and with the third it hits the lower sides of the ladles.