Musical instrument saz: history and features

Musical instrument saz
Musical instrument saz

In this material we will tell you what the saz musical instrument is. Photos of him are presented in the article. It belongs to the tambour family and is similar to the lute. Its name comes from the Persian word, which is translated as “instrument”. Saz is widespread among the peoples of Turkey, Afghanistan, Iran, Transcaucasia, as well as among the Bashkirs and Tatars.

History of creation

Musical instrument saz 2
Musical instrument saz 2

The ancestor of the Turkish musical instrument saz, according to the Iranik Encyclopedia, was most likely the Shirvan tanbur. Kotryi was popular in Tabriz and was described in the 15th century by Abdulgadir Maragi, a Persian music theorist. Saz is one of the oldest folk instruments in Azerbaijan.

Setar and dutar are considered its predecessors, which had a similar shape. The musical instrument saz, according to the Azerbaijani art critic Mejnun Kerimov, is a perfect descendant of the gopuz, which took its current form in the 16th century, during the era of the Iranian shah Ismail Khatai.

Under the term of interest to us, structures are combined that differ in structure, number of strings, shape and size. A pear-shaped body is a common feature of all sazas, as well as a fretboard with a fretboard, a wooden resonator, a plectrum sound production and triple or double strings.

In Turkey, two similar musical instruments are called saz: “baglama” – large with 7 strings and “djura” – small with 6 strings. In Iran it is known as “chogur”. The word “saz” is used here to denote any of the musical instruments. The person we are interested in can also meet in these parts under his Turkish name “Baglama”.


Musical instrument saz 3
Musical instrument saz 3

Making a saz musical instrument is a very laborious and time-consuming process. Usually craftsmen use several types of wood to create different elements of it. The body is made of selected species of mulberry. The neck here is often cherry, and the bridge, on which the instrument is assembled with wooden nails, is made of solid walnut.

The musical instrument saz has an unusual arrangement of the tuning pegs, they are not placed here opposite one another, but at an angle of ninety degrees. In Azerbaijan, it has a deep pear-shaped body made of mulberry or walnut wood, glued or hollowed out of individual rivets. Also, such a tool has a long neck, from the back it is rectangular or rounded.

The body is assembled from an odd number of rivets connected together. There are usually nine of them. The rivets on the butt are pulled together. This junction of the body and neck is called the “kyup”. After that, the neck is mounted to the rivets. The top of the body is covered with a thin wooden deck and 16-17 frets are tied to the neck. The Armenian saz has a similar design to the Azerbaijani one.

Wooden Stand For Turkish Baglama Saz String Musical Instrument KOS-206 | Baglama Saz Folding Stand

  • Wooden
  • The belt for securing the Saz
  • Fits for all size Sazs
  • Note: The Saz showed in the picture is not included.
  • Shipping Deatails: Surface: 2-4 weeks (Free Shipping) / DHL: 2-4 days

The only difference is the tuning of the second group of strings, here they sound an octave higher. The Dagestan version is called chungur. It has two strings, its paired strings are tuned to the fourth.


Musical instrument saz 4
Musical instrument saz 4

The musical instrument saz includes three parts: a head, a neck and a pear-shaped body. Pegs are attached to the head, with their help the strings are tuned.

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